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(Perilla frutescens)

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About Perilla

perilla seedling

Perilla—aka Shiso, Japanese Basil, Rattlesnake Weed, Wild Coleus, and Beefsteak Plant—is an annual distantly related to the mints. There are two distinct types, green and red, which differ by more than just color—the green is apparently the “real” shiso, and has more flavor than the red or purple (which is nonetheless popular for its color). The taste of perilla is almost always said to be quite hard to describe—the words cinnamon, basil, anise, and citrus pop up in the attempts. That all sounds well worth a tryout (though a few report much disliking it). We’d stick to the true shiso, the Green Perilla, at least for starters. (There is also a sort of “bronze” type that seems by report to be just a minor color variant of green.)

It is worth noting that perilla is a very attractive plant, often grown simply for its ornamental value. It resembles a coleus, and indeed displays of it are sometimes marked This is not a coleus! The more sun it gets, the more colored up it tends to be (though that may apply more to the red perilla than to shiso).


At this stage, cultivars beyond the color differences seem unknown to U.S. seedsmen, who usually list the plant in their “herbs” sections as just “Green perilla”.


Perilla is a warm-weather plant, and its culture is apparently simple: direct-seed it when frost risk is past, say around June 1st. Figure on the traditional square foot per plant.

Beware! perilla is highly invasive! It grows as an aggressive weed [PDF document—slow to load]. It is most unwise to grow it outdoors, no matter how much care is taken about seeds dropping.

On the other hand, it makes an excellent indoor-growth container plant, and that is really the only acceptable way to grow it.


Though one grows it for the leaves, the flowers are also edible, and might make a pleasant garnish. As with any potherb, to use it in salads, pick the leaves when still young and small (pick from the top of the growing plant).

Relevant Links

Besides any links presented above on this page, the following ought to be especially helpful.


Odds and Ends


Perilla is a member of the Labiatae family, a very large one that includes many common herbs: the basils, the mints, lavender, hyssop, pennyroyal, lemon balm, horehound, and several less-known species.


The history of perilla/shiso is not much discussed on the web. It appears to have been a staple of the Japanese diet for millennia, dating from sometime in the Jomon Era—which, regrettably, is a sorta wide window: 8000 B.C. to 400 B.C.


In Japan, perilla leaves are sometimes used as a pizza topping.

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